Gynecomastia Methods

Gynecomastia, also known as male breast enlargement, increases the quantity of mammary gland tissue in patients.


Surgeons may recommend surgery if breast enlargement is significant and bothersome despite initial treatment or observation. The three surgical options for gynecomastia

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When patients complain of gynecomastia, they typically describe breast lumps, with or without excess breast fat. Mastectomy is the surgical removal of excess glandular breast tissue through an incision in the nipple-areola complex and/or skin excision.

 In cases of enlarged breast tissue or removal of excess skin to treat gynecomastia, a mastectomy is recommended. The size of the incisions varies based on the nature of the condition and the surgeon’s preferences. 


In order to achieve the best possible results, liposuction and mastectomy are sometimes used to treat gynecomastia.

Through an incision, the surgeon removes breast tissue using liposuction to remove excess fat and glandular breast tissue.   


In cases where gynecomastia is caused by excessive fatty tissue, liposuction may be utilized. Small incisions are required for the insertion of a cannula during liposuction.
The cannula is moved in a controlled manner to break up excess fat, which is then suctioned out of the body.

 Various liposuction techniques can be used for gynecomastia surgery, but your surgeon will determine which technique is most appropriate for you.   


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Frequently asked questions

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Gynecomastia is typically caused by an imbalance in sex hormone levels. 

  Estrogen regulates female characteristics, such as breast growth, whereas testosterone regulates male characteristics, such as muscle mass and body hair. Men produce a small amount of estrogen, while women produce a small amount of testosterone. Gynecomastia is caused by an excess of estrogen or an imbalance of testosterone in men. 

  Gynecomastia can occur at various points in a man’s life. These time intervals are as follows: 

  Newborns continue to experience the effects of estrogen given to them by their mothers during fetal development. However, gynecomastia vanishes within two weeks of giving birth. 

Changes in hormone levels occur during puberty. Usually, breast enlargement disappears between six months and two years after the onset of puberty. 

Men between the ages of 50 and 80 have a high incidence of breast enlargement. About one-quarter of men in this age group have breast enlargement. 

  Other causes of gynecomastia include obesity, inadequate nutrition, testicular or adrenal gland tumors, and liver disease. However, diazepam, spironolactone, and anabolic steroids can also induce gynecomastia. 

In order to prepare for gynecomastia surgery, patients may be required to undergo lab tests or a medical evaluation, take specific medications, or adjust their current medications. Aspirin, anti-inflammatory medications, and herbal supplements can increase bleeding, so the doctor may advise the patient to avoid them. 

The first two levels of gynecomastia are treated with liposuction to remove excess tissue. Additionally, liposuction is used to remove excess fat at the third level of the condition. Additionally, excess skin can be removed depending on the degree of breast sagging. At the fourth level of gynecomastia, a surgical procedure similar to breast reduction is performed. During the breast reduction procedure, an inverted letter T is performed. After removing excess tissue and sagging skin, this method can result in firm breasts. 

During the recovery period, bandages or dressings will be applied to the incisions to reduce swelling and support the new breast contour. The patient will be given specific care instructions for the surgical site, such as medication administration and possible follow-up with the cosmetic surgeon. In many instances, the results of gynecomastia surgery are permanent.